The month of Mary: A Marian Month
Saint of the day:
Saint Joan of Arc
Patron Saint of France; martyrs; captives; military personnel; people ridiculed for their piety; prisoners;
soldiers, women who have served in the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service); and Women's Army Corps
Saint Joan of Arc’s Story
Burned at the stake as a heretic after a politically-motivated trial, Joan was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920.
Born of a fairly well-to-do peasant couple in Domremy-Greux southeast of Paris, Joan was only 12 when she experienced a vision and heard voices that she later identified as Saints Michael the Archangel, Catherine of Alexandria, and Margaret of Antioch.
During the Hundred Years War, Joan led French troops against the English and recaptured the cities of Orléans and Troyes. This enabled Charles VII to be crowned as king in Reims in 1429. Captured near Compiegne the following year, Joan was sold to the English and placed on trial for heresy and witchcraft. Professors at the University of Paris supported Bishop Pierre Cauchon of Beauvis, the judge at her trial; Cardinal Henry Beaufort of Winchester, England, participated in the questioning of Joan in prison. In the end, she was condemned for wearing men’s clothes. The English resented France’s military success–to which Joan contributed.
On this day in 1431, Joan was burned at the stake in Rouen, and her ashes were scattered in the Seine River. A second Church trial 25 years later nullified the earlier verdict, which was reached under political pressure.
Remembered by most people for her military exploits, Joan had a great love for the sacraments, which strengthened her compassion toward the poor. Popular devotion to her increased greatly in 19th-century France and later among French soldiers during World War I. Theologian George Tavard writes that her life “offers a perfect example of the conjunction of contemplation and action” because her spiritual insight is that there should be a “unity of heaven and earth.”
Joan of Arc has been the subject of many books, plays, operas and movies.
Les fêtes de Jeanne d'Arc à Orléans
Cathedral of Sainte-Croix
Maison de Jeanne d’Arc
Notre Dame Cathedral in Rouen and the Tower
Place of Joan of Arc's death where she was burned
Place du Vieux-Marche, 76000, Rouen, France
For almond paste -
180g superfine ground almonds, sifted
210g icing sugar, sifted
60g egg whites
Mix into a paste
boil it till 118 degrees Celsius
For the Meringue:
64g egg whites
beat egg whites until firm then add sugar syrup
Fold the eggwhites into the paste
Bake in the Oven at 160/320 for 14 minutes (large circle)