April 17

Saint of the day:

Nun Juana Inés de la Cruz

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The Story of Nun Juana Inés de la Cruz

Nun, poet, writer, musician composer, signed in blood, "I, the worst of all..."


Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz OSH (12 November 1648 – 17 April 1695) was a Mexican writer, philosopher, composer, poet of the Baroque period, and Hieronymite nun. Her outspoken opinions granted her lifelong names such as "The Tenth Muse" and "The Phoenix of Mexico", for she was a flame that rose from the ashes of "religious authoritarianism".

Sor Juana lived during Mexico's colonial period, making her a contributor both to early Spanish literature as well as to the broader literature of the Spanish Golden Age. Beginning her studies at a young age, Sor Juana was fluent in Latin and also wrote in Nahuatl, and became known for her philosophy in her teens. Sor Juana educated herself in her own library, which was mostly inherited from her grandfather. After joining a nunnery in 1667, Sor Juana began writing poetry and prose dealing with such topics as love, feminism, and religion. She turned her nun's quarters into a salon, visited by the city's intellectual elite. Among them was Countess Maria Luisa de Paredes, Vicereine of Mexico. Her criticism of misogyny and the hypocrisy of men led to her condemnation by the Bishop of Puebla, and in 1694 she was forced to sell her collection of books and focus on charity towards the poor. She died the next year, having caught the plague while treating her sisters.

After fading from academic discourse for hundreds of years, Octavio Paz re-established Sor Juana's importance in modern times. Scholars now interpret Sor Juana as a protofeminist, and she is the subject of vibrant discourses about themes such as colonialism, education rights, women's religious authority, and writing as examples of feminist advocacy.










Mexico 200 Pesos, 2014, P-125, UNC, Seri



Mexico City, Mexico



Her Statues:


Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz statue/bust is located in Washington, D.C. on the grounds of the Organization of the House of the Americas.

Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz statue (sitting) is located in Madrid, Spain.


Her Words:


Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz wrote Christmas carols, romances, praises, sonnets, redondillas, theatrical comedies, autos sacramentales and argumentative texts, among other genres. She was amazing!


Juana Inés de la Cruz, a 17th-century Mexican poetess gives chestnuts to a beloved friend.

Lysi, to your beautiful hands I give thorny chestnuts,
because thorns cannot be lacking where roses abound. If you tend to their harshness and with this the taste deceives, forgive the rusticity of those who gave them to you; forgive, because this hedgehog
can only give chestnuts.

Her Amazing Story:

One can perfectly well philosophize while cooking supper. Juana Inés de la Cruz


Red Wine Sangria


  • 1/2 medium apple (cored, skin on, chopped into small pieces)

  • 1/2 medium orange (rind on, sliced into small pieces, large seeds removed, plus more for garnish)

  • 3-4 Tbsp organic brown sugar 

  • 3/4 cup orange juice (plus more to taste)

  • 1/3 cup brandy (plus more to taste)

  • 750 ml bottle dry Spanish red wine*

  • 1 cup Ice to chill



  1. Add apples, oranges, and sugar to a large pitcher and muddle with a muddler or wooden spoon for 45 seconds.

  2. Add orange juice and brandy and muddle again to combine for 30 seconds.

  3. Add red wine and stir to incorporate, then taste and adjust flavor as needed. I added a bit more brandy, orange juice and brown sugar. Stir to combine.

  4. Add ice and stir once more to chill. Serve as is, or with a bit more ice. Garnish with orange segments (optional).

  5. Store leftovers covered in the refrigerator for up to 48 hours, though best when fresh.