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November 1

All Saints Day (All who are in heaven)
(also known as the Day of the Innocents (children))
Feast of All Saints


All Saints' Day is a solemn holy day of the Catholic Church celebrated annually on November 1.

The day is dedicated to the saints of the Church, that is, all those who have attained heaven. It should not be confused with All Souls' Day, which is observed on November 2, and is dedicated to those who have died and not yet reached heaven.

All Saints' Day observances tend to focus on known saints --that is those recognized in the canon of the saints by the Catholic Church.

All Saints' Day is also commemorated by members of the Eastern Orthodox Church as well as some protestant churches, such as Anglican, Lutheran and Anglican churches.

All Saints' Day is a Catholic Holy Day of Obligation, meaning all Catholics are required to attend Mass on that day, unless they have an excellent excuse, such as serious illness.

All Saints' Day was formally started by Pope Boniface IV, who consecrated the Pantheon at Rome to the Virgin Mary and all the Martyrs on May 13 in 609 AD. Boniface IV also established All Souls' Day, which follows All Saints.

The choice of the day may have been intended to co-opt the pagan holiday "Feast of the Lamures," a day which pagans used to placate the restless spirits of the dead.

The holy day was eventually established on November 1 by Pope Gregory III in the mid-eighth century as a day dedicated to the saints and their relics. The May 13 celebration was subsequently abandoned.

In Ireland, the Church celebrated All Saints' Day on April 20, to avoid associating the day with the traditional harvest festivals and pagan feasts associated with Samhain, celebrated at the same time.

Following the Protestant Reformation, many Protestants retained the holy day, although they dismissed the need to pray for the dead. Instead, the day has been used to commemorate those who have recently died, usually in the past year, and to remember the examples of those who lived holy lives.

The Catholic practice however, celebrates all those who have entered heaven, including saints who are recognized by the Church and those who are not.

Holy day customs vary around the world. In the United States, the day before is Halloween and is usually celebrated by dressing in costumes with themes of death commonly associated. Children go door-to-door in costume, trick-or-treating, that is soliciting candy from their neighbors. The holiday has lost much of its connection to its religious origins.

Although nearly everyone celebrates Halloween for the fun of the secular holiday, the following religious solemnity, is not widely practiced or acknowledged by most Americans unless they are Catholic.

In other countries, such as Portugal, Spain and Mexico, traditional practices include performance of the play, "Don Juan Tenorio" and offerings made to the dead. All Saints' Say occurs on the same day as the Mexican "Dide los Innocentes" a day dedicated to deceased children. Across much of Europe, the day is commemorated with offerings of flowers left on the graves of the dead. In Eastern Europe, candles are lit on graves instead of offerings of flowers.

In some places, such as the Philippines, graves can be painted and repaired by family members. Many of these practices blur the distinction between All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day.

These celebrations often blur the distinction between All Saints' Day, which is properly dedicated to those who are in heaven, and All Souls' Day, on which prayers are offered for all those who have died, but have not yet reached heaven.

In Mexico, the Day of the Dead holy days extend from October 31 through November 2.

It is important to remember these basic facts:

Halloween is a secular holiday that comes the night before All Saints' Day.

All Saints' Day is on November 1, and it is a Holy Day of Obligation.

All Souls' Day in on November 2, and it is NOT a Holy Day of Obligation.

The Day of the Dead is a Mexican holiday that has spread in popularity into parts of the United States and across Latin America. It is celebrated from October 31 through November 2, to coincide with both the American tradition and the Catholic holy days. Those three days are dedicated to all of the dead.

More about All Saints' Day 

All Saints' Day 

In Ireland All Saints' Day usually fell within a few weeks of the Celtic holiday of Samhain, which had a theme similar to the Roman festival of Lemuria, but which was also a harvest festival. The Irish, having celebrated Samhain in the past, did not celebrate All Hallows Day on this November 1 date, as extant historical documents attest that the celebration in Ireland took place in the spring: "...the Felire of Oengus and the Martyrology of Tallaght prove that the early medieval churches [in Ireland] celebrated the feast of All Saints on April 20."[7]

A November festival of all the saints was already widely celebrated on November 1 in the days of Charlemagne. It was made a day of obligation throughout the Frankish empire in 835, by a decree of Louis the Pious, issued "at the instance of Pope Gregory IV and with the assent of all the bishops", which confirmed its celebration on November 1. The octave was added by Pope Sixtus IV. 

The festival was retained after the Reformation in the calendar of the Anglican Church and in many Lutheran churches. In the Lutheran churches, such as the Church of Sweden, it assumes a role of general commemoration of the dead. In the Swedish calendar, the observance takes place on the Saturday between October 31 and November 6. In many Lutheran Churches, it is moved to the first Sunday of November. It is also celebrated by other Protestants of the English tradition, such as the United Church of Canada, the Methodist churches, and the Wesleyan Church.

Protestants generally regard all true Christian believers as saints and if they observe All Saints Day at all they use it to remember all Christians both past and present. In the United Methodist Church, All Saints' Day is celebrated on the first Sunday in November. It is held, not only to remember Saints, but also to remember all those that have died that were members of the local church congregation. In some congregations, a candle is lit by the Acolyte as each person's name is called out by the clergy. Prayers and responsive readings may accompany the event. Often, the names of those who have died in the past year are afixed to a memorial plaque.

In many Lutheran churches, All Saints' Day and Reformation Day are observed concurrently on the Sunday before or after those dates, given Reformation Day is observed in Protestant Churches on October 31. Typically, Martin Luther's A Mighty Fortress is Our God is sung during the service. Besides discussing Luther's role in the Protestant Reformation, some recognition of the prominent early leaders of the Reformed tradition, such as John Calvin and John Knox, occurs. The observance of Reformation Day may be immediately followed by a reading of those members of the local congregation who have died in the past year in observance of All Saints' Day. Otherwise, the recognition of deceased church members occurs at another designated portion of the service.

Roman Catholic Obligation

In the Roman Catholic Church, All Saints' Day is a Holy Day of Obligation in many (but not all) countries, meaning going to Mass on the date is required unless one has a good reason to be excused from that obligation, such as illness. However, in a number of countries that do list All Saints' Day as a Holy Day of Obligation, including England & Wales, the solemnity of All Saints' Day is transferred to the adjacent Sunday if 1 November falls on a Monday or a Saturday, while in the same circumstances in the United States the Solemnity is still celebrated on November 1 but the obligation to attend Mass is abrogated.


In Portugal, Spain, and Mexico, offerings (Portuguese: oferendas, Spanish: ofrendas) are made on this day. In Spain, the play Don Juan Tenorio is traditionally performed. In Mexico, All Saints Day coincides with the celebration of "DĂ­de los Inocentes" (Day of the Innocents), the first day of the Day of the Dead (Dia de los Muertos) celebration, honoring deceased children and infants. In Portugal, children celebrate the PĂŁpor-Deus tradition, and go door to door where they receive cakes, nuts and pomegranates. This only occurs in some areas around Lisbon.

In Austria, Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, Spain, and American Cities such as New Orleans people take flowers to the graves of dead relatives.

In Poland, the Czech Republic, Sweden, Finland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Austria, Romania, Moldova, Hungary and Catholic parts of Germany, the tradition is to light candles and visit the graves of deceased relatives.

In the Philippines, this day, called "Undas", "Todos los Santos" (literally "All Saints"), and sometimes "Araw ng mga Patay" (approximately "Day of the dead") is observed as All Souls' Day. This day and the one before and one after it is spent visiting the graves of deceased relatives, where prayers and flowers are offered, candles are lit and the graves themselves are cleaned, repaired and repainted.

In English-speaking countries, the festival is traditionally celebrated with the hymn "For All the Saints" by William Walsham How. The most familiar tune for this hymn is Sine Nomine by Ralph Vaughan Williams. Catholics generally celebrate with a day of rest consisting of avoiding physical exertion.


  1. "Hallows" meaning "saints," and "mas" meaning "Mass"; the preceding evening (Halloween) is the "Vigil or Eve of All Hallows".



So on this day we will honor our Saints by lighting a candle, saying a prayer for them, & going to mass.

Breaking bread at our feast table and discuss who our favorite saint is. 

Prayer for All Saints Day
Dear God, thank you for the example of the Saints.
I desire to join in their company, worshiping you forever in Heaven.
Please help me follow their footsteps, and yours, Jesus Christ.
Please help me to conform myself to Your image, seeking Your will in all things, as the Saints did.
Please help me to devote myself, and all that I do, to Your glory, and to the service of my neighbors.




All Saints' Well near Blarney, County Cork, Ireland

 This well, is said, to hold a cure for arthritis.




Saint's Bones or Holy Bones Recipe (Huesos de Santo)

Sometimes in my research I find recipes in grams vs. oz / metric vs. English

for these recipes I use my digital scale.
This is way easier and better than having an odd number in the English form.



  • 250 g ground almonds

  • 200 g sugar

  • 100 ml water

  • Zest of one lemon

 Sweet egg yolk cream

  • 4 egg yolks

  • 100 g sugar

  • 50 ml water


  • 200 g powder sugar

  • 4 TBSP water approximately or a combination of water and lemon juice


  1.  Start by making the filling. Separate the yolks and put them in a heat proof bowl, lightly beat with a whisk. 

  2. Mix sugar and water in a saucepan and bring to a boil. When the syrup has reached a Thread Stage (223-235 ºF or 106-112 °C), pour over the yolks, stirring constantly to avoid curdle.

  3. Now place the bowl on a Bain Marie and continue whisking until it thickens (20/25 minutes). Leave to cool.

  4. To make the marzipan, we start by making a light syrup with the water and sugar over the fire. The minute it starts to boil and the sugar has dissolved, pour the ground almonds and the lemon zest.

  5. Mix well and dump it onto your work surface, previously dusted with icing sugar. When it is cold enough to handle, knead it until it is smooth. Allow it to rest for an hour or so.

  6. Roll out the marzipan over your work surface, dusted with icing sugar, or between two pieces of plastic wrap. The marzipan has to be thin but not too much or it will break when you try to roll it up (1/8 inch is good).

  7. Make longitudinal marks with a skewer. Cut strips with a knife or a pizza wheel, about 5-6 cm wide (2 inches).

  8. We can use the handle of a wooden spoon to make the rolls or any other utensil similar to it.

  9. Roll up the marzipan strip around the handle and cut. Apply a little pressure to make sure it is closed and slide out. Finish with all your rolls and allow them to dry for about 45 minutes or so.

  10. You probably won’t use all the marzipan on this recipe, the filling will be enough for about 20-24 bones. So save the rest for later.

  11. Now, place the egg yolks in a pastry bag and fill the rolls.

  12. Prepare the frosting and dip the rolls in it, then place them over a wire rack (better to put something under there because it’s going to drip) and allow them to dry completely before serving.

  13. Enjoy!

When I think of saints I think of Roses.

If you remember some of their stories

saints are known to smell likes roses.

So why not have a cup of rose water, tea, or a latte!

Rose, Lemon & Strawberry Infused Water



  • A handful of strawberries

  • Petals from a couple of roses petals

  • 1 lemon sliced into wedges (or the juice from half a lemon)

  • Filtered water


  1. Fill a jug with all the ingredients and leave to infuse in the fridge for at least a couple of hours, preferably overnight.

  2. You can serve it straight from the jug or you can strain it into glasses. I like to use a small sieve and a ladle to pour into the glasses and collect the petals and fruit pieces.

  3. That's it! Enjoy 



Rose & Earl Grey Tea Latte

The subtle flavors of Earl Grey and rose combine to create a luscious, warm, beautiful, and insanely aromatic cup of tea.


Rose Syrup



Rose Syrup

  1. Add the sugar and water into a small saucepan over medium heat. Cook until the sugar dissolves, turn off heat, add the rose petals and steep for 5 minutes. Strain through a fine mesh strainer, pushing on the petals to extract as much of the remaining syrup as possible.

Tea Latte

  1. Combine the Earl Grey tea with the rose petals, and steep in boiling water for 5 minutes. Discard the tea.

  2. Mix the rose syrup with milk, and froth with a milk frother to your desired warmth and foam.

  3. While waiting for the tea to brew, I filled my mug with hot water to keep it warm. Just before serving, discard the hot water, and mist the mug with a few sprays of high quality rose water. I sprayed once directly inside the mug, once on the outside, and once from up above.*

  4. Fill your mug halfway with tea (~4 oz), and then add the steamed milk (~4 oz). Garnish with a few dried rose petals. If you'd also like to add some rose dust for garnish, simply add a handful of dried rose petals to a spice grinder, and pulse until they reach a fine powder. Use a fine mesh strainer to give a light dusting of rose powder atop the drink.

Hibiscus Rose Latte



  • ½ cup water

  • 2 drops rose water

  • 2-inch cube of ginger

  • 2 hibiscus tea bags 

  • 1 cup steamed milk 

  • 1-2 tsp sweetener of choice 

  • edible rose petals (optional)


  1. Add the water, rose water, and ginger to a small pot. Bring to a boil.

  2. Remove from heat and add the hibiscus tea bags. Let sit and steep for 5 minutes.

  3. Remove the cube of ginger and tea bags and pour into your mug.

  4. Slowly add the steamed almond milk to your mug.

  5. Sweeten with a little bit of maple syrup or agave.

  6. top with edible rose petals if you like! 

Pan coi Santi or Bread with Saints


  • 600 grams of bread flour (3 cups)

  • 25 grams of brewer’s yeast (2 tbs)

  • 150 grams of chopped walnuts (2/3 cup)

  • 100 grams of raisins (1/2 cup)

  • 6 tablespoons of sugar

  • 5 tablespoons of olive oil

  • ½ teaspoon of ground black pepper

  • a pinch of salt

  • 300 ml of warm water (1 cup)

  • 1 egg yolk for the crust


  1. The first thing to do is to make what in Italy is called “lievitino”: you just need to melt the yeast together with 100 ml of warm water and wait until it makes bubbles, about 10 minutes. Then you have to add 100 grams of flour to it and mix together. Now wait other 30 minutes for the dough to rise.

  2. In a big bowl mix together the remaining flour, sugar, olive oil, salt, pepper and water. You can mix it using a wooden spoon until you have a wet and sticky dough.  Now you can add the mix of flour and yeast and mix again.

  3. You can toast walnuts in a pan and let it cool before add it to the mix. Adding raisins and walnuts, you are putting the “saints” into your bread. Find something to do now because you have to put the covered dough in a warm place (I put it in the preheated oven at 30° C or 90° F) and wait two hours for rising.

  4. When the first rise is complete, using your floured hands, separate the dough in four pieces and make it round. Place the dough balls on a pan with flour or oven paper. Make a cross with a knife on the balls and wait until the dough is almost doubled.

  5. Before putting the dough balls into the oven (preheated at 200°/220° C or 400°/430° F) brush them with the egg yolk. This will make a brown and crunchy crust during the baking. Let the bread cook for 20 minutes until it reach a deep chestnut color but not burn it! Get it out of the oven and let it cool. The morning after is better than the day before!

Lorighittas, twisted ring-shaped  pasta, for All Souls Day from Sardinia!

Based on the Sardinian word for “ears,” they were traditionally made and served only in Morgongiori for the annual All Saints Day feast on November 1. One interesting story states
 a witch flies over the houses through the night after All Saints Day looking for the pasta. 


Lorighittas are typically served on top of a ragu made with chicken or pigeon, onions, tomatoes, parsley, white wine, garlic and Pecorino cheese.


One other story about Lorighittas has to do with young, single women in a large family, it was a tradition or a wish for them to get married, so while they were waiting on a wedding ring, they would work on this ring-like pasta in the kitchen with their mothers and grandmothers. 

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