The month of Mary: A Marian Month
Saint of the day:
Saint Pope Paul VI
Saint Pope Paul VI's Story
Pope Paul VI (Latin: Paulus VI; Italian: Paolo VI; born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini, Italian; 26 September 1897 – 6 August 1978) was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978. Succeeding John XXIII, he continued the Second Vatican Council, which he closed in 1965, implementing its numerous reforms, and fostered improved ecumenical relations with Eastern Orthodox and Protestant churches, which resulted in many historic meetings and agreements. Montini served in the Holy See's Secretariat of State from 1922 to 1954. While in the Secretariat of State, Montini and Domenico Tardini were considered to be the closest and most influential advisors of Pope Pius XII. In 1954, Pius named Montini Archbishop of Milan, the largest Italian diocese. Montini later became the Secretary of the Italian Bishops' Conference. John XXIII elevated him to the College of Cardinals in 1958, and after the death of John XXIII, Montini was considered one of his most likely successors. Upon his election to the papacy, Montini took the name Paul VI. He re-convened the Second Vatican Council, which had automatically closed with the death of John XXIII. After the council had concluded its work, Paul VI took charge of the interpretation and implementation of its mandates, often walking a thin line between the conflicting expectations of various groups within Catholicism. The magnitude and depth of the reforms affecting all fields of church life during his pontificate exceeded similar reform programmes of his predecessors and successors. Paul VI spoke repeatedly to Marian conventions and mariological meetings, visited Marian shrines and issued three Marian encyclicals. Following Ambrose of Milan, he named Mary as the Mother of the Church during the Second Vatican Council. Paul VI described himself as a humble servant for a suffering humanity and demanded significant changes from the rich in North America and Europe in favour of the poor in the Third World. His positions on birth control, promulgated famously in the 1968 encyclical Humanae vitae, were often contested, especially in Western Europe and North America. The same opposition emerged in reaction to the political aspects of some of his teaching. Following the standard procedures that lead to sainthood, Pope Benedict XVI declared that the late pontiff had lived a life of heroic virtue and conferred the title of Venerable upon him on 20 December 2012. Pope Francis beatified him on 19 October 2014 after the recognition of a miracle attributed to his intercession. His liturgical feast was celebrated on the date of his birth on 26 September until 2019 when it was changed to the date of his sacerdotal ordination on 29 May. Pope Francis canonised Paul VI on 14 October 2018.
St. Peter's Basilica
Piazza San Pietro, 00120 Città del Vaticano, Vatican City
This trans-seasonal soup is the Italian equivalent of ‘Jewish penicillin’. This famous soup from Pavia is made with the simplest ingredients possible, and it is a true traditional peasant food delicacy. It is made by poaching eggs in beef or chicken broth over a bed of toasted bread, and the whole thing is then topped with a generous amount of grated parmesan cheese.
According to legend, this nutritious soup was invented in the aftermath of the 1525 battle of Pavia. Tired and wounded, King Francis I of France found refuge in a local farmhouse after his defeat, where the lady of the house improvised a meal for her royal guest from what she had on hand, making a humble, yet delicious soup that is truly fit for a king.
1 litre homemade golden chicken stock
sea salt flakes & freshly cracked black pepper
50 g unsalted butter
8 thick slices sourdough bread
8 free-range eggs
1 tbsp fresh basil, finely shredded [optional]
4 tbsp Parmesan, finely grated
¼ cup Italian Parsley leaves
Heat the chicken stock in a wide pan and season to taste.
Heat the butter in a frying pan until golden and then fry the bread in batches until crispy. Divide the fried bread between the soup bowls.
Gently break the eggs into the stock and poach to desired degree of doneness.
Using a slotted spoon, place the poached eggs on the fried bread and then gently pour over the stock.
Scatter over the shredded basil, finely grated Parmesan & Italian parsley leaves. Serve with freshly cracked black pepper.
Note: A chicken soup that relies on a great stock made from best quality ingredients. The rule of thumb when making golden chicken stock is to pre-roast chicken bones and vegetables including onion, carrot, leek, celery, mushrooms, a little turnip or swede, parsley, thyme, fennel bulb or seeds & whole black peppercorns. https://www.sophiezalokar.com/recipes/zuppa-pavese-italian-bread-soup-with-a-poached-egg/